Mushroom, The Material of The Next Era
Hyphae, the root of fungi, can grow into interwoven network called mycelium under favorable conditions. By adding fungal mycelium to an organic substrate (e.g. wheat straw), in biological terms also called inoculation, new material is produced. When combined, the mycelium obtains the nutrients from the substrate to grow and through this process it binds all the loose particles together, creating a composite material.
Depending on material ingredients, the growing conditions and final processions, mycelium-based materials promise a wide range of applications in various industries and product design.
In contrast to plastic materials that hang around for thousands of years, mycelium grown composite materials will degrade biologically within a few months after their intended use.